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Linux安装RabbitMQ教程(文件下载地址+安装命令+ 端口开放 + 用户创建 +配置文件模板+端口修改)

前言
1.安装RabbitMQ前需先安装erlang, 且两者需要版本对应, 否则无法正常启动RabbitMQ
   (本教程使用22.0.7版本的erlang和3.8.6版本的Rabbitmq)
   版本对应查看: https://www.rabbitmq.com/which-erlang.html#compatibility-matrix
2.安装RabbitMQ和erlang常用有两种方式
    方式一:是下载erlang和RabbitMq的压缩包(*.tar.gz、*.tar.xz), 使用编译的方式安装(配置文件大概率找不到)
    方式二:是直接用yum直接快速安装(强烈推荐)
一、文件下载

这里分别放了两种方式安装的所需文件, 如果想跟我一样用yum安装请选择第二种

第一种: (如果使用第一种方式,则请去https://www.cnblogs.com/masy-lucifer/p/13550918.html教程)

第二种: 文件下载完成后,解压得到erlang和rabbitmq的安装资源,

用xftp7传到自定义安装包目录/root下
之后打开XShell7,进入/root目录

cd /root

二、安装

安装erlangyum -y install erlang-22.0.7-1.el7.x86_64.rpm 安装rabbitmqyum -y install rabbitmq-server-3.8.6-1.el7.noarch.rpm 至此, erlang和rabbitmq都安装完成

常用目录,之后会频繁使用
  1.rabbitmq配置文件目录: /etc/rabbitmq
  2.rabbitmq启动目录: /usr/lib/rabbitmq/bin
  3.两个.erlang.cookie文件的位置(两个都是隐藏文件, 需要使用ls -a查看):
     a. /root/.erlang.cookie
     b. /var/lib/rabbitmq/.erlang.cookie
    其中:序号a的.erlang.cookie的内容一定要与序号b的.erlang.cookie, 否则可以顺利启动rabbitmq但无法添加新用户
  4.Rabbitmq的日志文件目录: 

添加权限(没有权限可能会报错): chomd -R 777 /etc/rabbitmq chomd -R 777 /usr/lib/rabbitmq/bin

进入rabbitmq安装目录的bin目录cd /usr/rabbitmq/bin 开启rabbitmq的可视化界面./rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

启动RabbitMQservice rabbitmq-server start

三、防火墙开放15672和5672端口

查看防火墙状态systemctl status firewalld 如果防火墙没开启且使用的是服务器,就再打开进入腾讯云的网站开启 注意:防火墙分为Linux上的防火墙和腾讯云上的防火墙,要同时开才有效果.

如果想要Linux系统防火墙且使用的是服务器,则先打开Linux下的防火墙systemctl start firewalld 再查看防火墙状态systemctl status firewalld 打开15672端口firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=15672/tcp --permanent 打开5672端口firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=5672/tcp --permanent 重启防火墙(不重启无效)firewall-cmd --reload 查看开发了什么端口firewall-cmd --list-ports 最后再进入腾讯云的网站开启服务器上的端口

其他命令

 关闭端口: firewall-cmd --zone=public --remove-port=15672/tcp --permanent 
 关闭防火墙:systemctl stop firewalld
 设置防火墙开启自启动: systemctl enable firewalld

四、访问Rabbit的可视化界面

在访问之前,我们需要创建一个用户(用户不存在则报错 Login failed)rabbitmqctl add_user admin admin 授予权限(没有授予权限则会报错 Not management user)rabbitmqctl set_user_tags admin administrator 查看当前创建的用户rabbitmqctl list_users

创建完成之后,打开浏览器,输入http://157.145.146.14:15672 (157.145.146.14换成你自己的ip地址)打开Rabbitmq的可视化网址

至此, RabbitMq就可以正常使用 如果需要配置环境变量, 请修改~/.bashrc文件vim ~/.bashrc 添加以下内容

#erlang
export ERLANG_HOME=/usr/lib64/erlang
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JRE_HOME/bin:${ERLANG_HOME}/bin:$PATH

#rabbitmq
export RABBITMQ_HOME=/usr/lib/rabbitmq
export PATH=${RABBITMQ_HOME}/sbin:${PATH}

=============================================================================================

四、修改连接RabbitMq的端口为5672

进入配置文件目录cd /etc/rabbitmq 查看该目录, 发现缺少rabbitmq.conf配置文件 在该目录下重新新建一个rabbitmq.confmkdir rabbitmq.conf 负责以下内容到该文件中

折叠内容点击展开
## This example configuration file demonstrates various settings
## available via rabbitmq.conf. It primarily focuses core broker settings
## but some tier 1 plugin settings are also covered.
##
## This file is AN EXAMPLE. It is NOT MEANT TO BE USED IN PRODUCTION. Instead of
## copying the entire (large!) file, create or generate a new rabbitmq.conf for the target system
## and populate it with the necessary settings.
##
## See https://rabbitmq.com/configure.html to learn about how to configure RabbitMQ,
## the ini-style format used by rabbitmq.conf, how it is different from `advanced.config`,
## how to verify effective configuration, and so on.
##
## See https://rabbitmq.com/documentation.html for the rest of RabbitMQ documentation.
##
## In case you have questions, please use RabbitMQ community Slack and the rabbitmq-users Google group
## instead of GitHub issues.

# ======================================
# Core broker section
# ======================================


## Networking
## ====================
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/networking.html.
##
## By default, RabbitMQ will listen on all interfaces, using
## the standard (reserved) AMQP 0-9-1 and 1.0 port.
##

#开放5672端口
listeners.tcp.default = 5672


## To listen on a specific interface, provide an IP address with port.
## For example, to listen only on localhost for both IPv4 and IPv6:
##
# IPv4
# listeners.tcp.local    = 127.0.0.1:5672
# IPv6
# listeners.tcp.local_v6 = ::1:5672

## You can define multiple listeners using listener names
# listeners.tcp.other_port = 5673
# listeners.tcp.other_ip   = 10.10.10.10:5672


## TLS listeners are configured in the same fashion as TCP listeners,
## including the option to control the choice of interface.
##
# listeners.ssl.default = 5671

## It is possible to disable regular TCP (non-TLS) listeners. Clients
## not configured to use TLS and the correct TLS-enabled port won't be able
## to connect to this node.
# listeners.tcp = none

## Number of Erlang processes that will accept connections for the TCP
## and TLS listeners.
##
# num_acceptors.tcp = 10
# num_acceptors.ssl = 10

## Socket writer will force GC every so many bytes transferred.
## Default is 1 GiB (`1000000000`). Set to 'off' to disable.
##
# socket_writer.gc_threshold = 1000000000
#
## To disable:
# socket_writer.gc_threshold = off

## Maximum amount of time allowed for the AMQP 0-9-1 and AMQP 1.0 handshake
## (performed after socket connection and TLS handshake) to complete, in milliseconds.
##
# handshake_timeout = 10000

## Set to 'true' to perform reverse DNS lookups when accepting a
## connection. rabbitmqctl and management UI will then display hostnames
## instead of IP addresses. Default value is `false`.
##
# reverse_dns_lookups = false

##
## Security, Access Control
## ==============
##

## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/access-control.html.

## The default "guest" user is only permitted to access the server
## via a loopback interface (e.g. localhost).
## {loopback_users, [<<"guest">>]},
##
# loopback_users.guest = true

## Uncomment the following line if you want to allow access to the
## guest user from anywhere on the network.
# loopback_users.guest = false

## TLS configuration.
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/ssl.html.
##
# listeners.ssl.1                  = 5671
# 
# ssl_options.verify               = verify_peer
# ssl_options.fail_if_no_peer_cert = false
# ssl_options.cacertfile           = /path/to/cacert.pem
# ssl_options.certfile             = /path/to/cert.pem
# ssl_options.keyfile              = /path/to/key.pem
#
# ssl_options.honor_cipher_order   = true
# ssl_options.honor_ecc_order      = true
#
## These are highly recommended for TLSv1.2 but cannot be used
## with TLSv1.3. If TLSv1.3 is enabled, these lines MUST be removed.
# ssl_options.client_renegotiation = false
# ssl_options.secure_renegotiate   = true
#
## Limits what TLS versions the server enables for client TLS
## connections. See https://www.rabbitmq.com/ssl.html#tls-versions for details.
##
## Cutting edge TLS version which requires recent client runtime
## versions and has no cipher suite in common with earlier TLS versions.
# ssl_options.versions.1 = tlsv1.3
## Enables TLSv1.2 for best compatibility
# ssl_options.versions.2 = tlsv1.2
## Older TLS versions have known vulnerabilities and are being phased out
## from wide use.

## Limits what cipher suites the server will use for client TLS
## connections. Narrowing this down can prevent some clients
## from connecting.
## If TLSv1.3 is enabled and cipher suites are overridden, TLSv1.3-specific
## cipher suites must also be explicitly enabled.
## See https://www.rabbitmq.com/ssl.html#cipher-suites and https://wiki.openssl.org/index.php/TLS1.3#Ciphersuites
## for details.
#
## The example below uses TLSv1.3 cipher suites only
#
# ssl_options.ciphers.1  = TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.2  = TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.3  = TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.4  = TLS_AES_128_CCM_SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.5  = TLS_AES_128_CCM_8_SHA256
#
## The example below uses TLSv1.2 cipher suites only
#
# ssl_options.ciphers.1  = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.2  = ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.3  = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.4  = ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.5  = ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.6  = ECDH-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.7  = ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.8  = ECDH-RSA-AES256-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.9  = DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.10 = DHE-DSS-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# ssl_options.ciphers.11 = DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.12 = DHE-DSS-AES256-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.13 = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.14 = ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.15 = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.16 = ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.17 = ECDH-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.18 = ECDH-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.19 = ECDH-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.20 = ECDH-RSA-AES128-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.21 = DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.22 = DHE-DSS-AES128-GCM-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.23 = DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.24 = DHE-DSS-AES128-SHA256
# ssl_options.ciphers.25 = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.26 = ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.27 = DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.28 = DHE-DSS-AES256-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.29 = ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.30 = ECDH-RSA-AES256-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.31 = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.32 = ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.33 = DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.34 = DHE-DSS-AES128-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.35 = ECDH-ECDSA-AES128-SHA
# ssl_options.ciphers.36 = ECDH-RSA-AES128-SHA

# ssl_options.bypass_pem_cache = true

## Select an authentication/authorisation backend to use.
##
## Alternative backends are provided by plugins, such as rabbitmq-auth-backend-ldap.
##
## NB: These settings require certain plugins to be enabled.
##
## Related doc guides:
##
##  * https://rabbitmq.com/plugins.html
##  * https://rabbitmq.com/access-control.html
##

# auth_backends.1   = rabbit_auth_backend_internal

## uses separate backends for authentication and authorisation,
## see below.
# auth_backends.1.authn = rabbit_auth_backend_ldap
# auth_backends.1.authz = rabbit_auth_backend_internal

## The rabbitmq_auth_backend_ldap plugin allows the broker to
## perform authentication and authorisation by deferring to an
## external LDAP server.
##
## Relevant doc guides:
##
## * https://rabbitmq.com/ldap.html
## * https://rabbitmq.com/access-control.html
##
## uses LDAP for both authentication and authorisation
# auth_backends.1 = rabbit_auth_backend_ldap

## uses HTTP service for both authentication and
## authorisation
# auth_backends.1 = rabbit_auth_backend_http

## uses two backends in a chain: HTTP first, then internal
# auth_backends.1   = rabbit_auth_backend_http
# auth_backends.2   = rabbit_auth_backend_internal

## Authentication
## The built-in mechanisms are 'PLAIN',
## 'AMQPLAIN', and 'EXTERNAL' Additional mechanisms can be added via
## plugins.
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/authentication.html.
##
# auth_mechanisms.1 = PLAIN
# auth_mechanisms.2 = AMQPLAIN

## The rabbitmq-auth-mechanism-ssl plugin makes it possible to
## authenticate a user based on the client's x509 (TLS) certificate.
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/authentication.html.
##
## To use auth-mechanism-ssl, the EXTERNAL mechanism should
## be enabled:
##
# auth_mechanisms.1 = PLAIN
# auth_mechanisms.2 = AMQPLAIN
# auth_mechanisms.3 = EXTERNAL

## To force x509 certificate-based authentication on all clients,
## exclude all other mechanisms (note: this will disable password-based
## authentication even for the management UI!):
##
# auth_mechanisms.1 = EXTERNAL

## This pertains to both the rabbitmq-auth-mechanism-ssl plugin and
## STOMP ssl_cert_login configurations. See the RabbitMQ STOMP plugin
## configuration section later in this file and the README in
## https://github.com/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-auth-mechanism-ssl for further
## details.
##
## To use the TLS cert's CN instead of its DN as the username
##
# ssl_cert_login_from   = common_name

## TLS handshake timeout, in milliseconds.
##
# ssl_handshake_timeout = 5000


## Cluster name
##
# cluster_name = dev3.eng.megacorp.local

## Password hashing implementation. Will only affect newly
## created users. To recalculate hash for an existing user
## it's necessary to update her password.
##
## To use SHA-512, set to rabbit_password_hashing_sha512.
##
# password_hashing_module = rabbit_password_hashing_sha256

## When importing definitions exported from versions earlier
## than 3.6.0, it is possible to go back to MD5 (only do this
## as a temporary measure!) by setting this to rabbit_password_hashing_md5.
##
# password_hashing_module = rabbit_password_hashing_md5

##
## Default User / VHost
## ====================
##

## On first start RabbitMQ will create a vhost and a user. These
## config items control what gets created.
## Relevant doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/access-control.html
##
# default_vhost = /
# default_user = guest
# default_pass = guest

# default_permissions.configure = .*
# default_permissions.read = .*
# default_permissions.write = .*

## Tags for default user
##
## For more details about tags, see the documentation for the
## Management Plugin at https://rabbitmq.com/management.html.
##
# default_user_tags.administrator = true

## Define other tags like this:
# default_user_tags.management = true
# default_user_tags.custom_tag = true

##
## Additional network and protocol related configuration
## =====================================================
##

## Set the server AMQP 0-9-1 heartbeat timeout in seconds.
## RabbitMQ nodes will send heartbeat frames at roughly
## the (timeout / 2) interval. Two missed heartbeats from
## a client will close its connection.
##
## Values lower than 6 seconds are very likely to produce
## false positives and are not recommended.
##
## Related doc guides:
##
## * https://rabbitmq.com/heartbeats.html
## * https://rabbitmq.com/networking.html
##
# heartbeat = 60

## Set the max permissible size of an AMQP frame (in bytes).
##
# frame_max = 131072

## Set the max frame size the server will accept before connection
## tuning occurs
##
# initial_frame_max = 4096

## Set the max permissible number of channels per connection.
## 0 means "no limit".
##
# channel_max = 128

## Customising TCP Listener (Socket) Configuration.
##
## Related doc guides:
##
## * https://rabbitmq.com/networking.html
## * https://www.erlang.org/doc/man/inet.html#setopts-2
##

# tcp_listen_options.backlog = 128
# tcp_listen_options.nodelay = true
# tcp_listen_options.exit_on_close = false
#
# tcp_listen_options.keepalive = true
# tcp_listen_options.send_timeout = 15000
#
# tcp_listen_options.buffer = 196608
# tcp_listen_options.sndbuf = 196608
# tcp_listen_options.recbuf = 196608

##
## Resource Limits & Flow Control
## ==============================
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/memory.html.

## Memory-based Flow Control threshold.
##
# vm_memory_high_watermark.relative = 0.4

## Alternatively, we can set a limit (in bytes) of RAM used by the node.
##
# vm_memory_high_watermark.absolute = 1073741824

## Or you can set absolute value using memory units (with RabbitMQ 3.6.0+).
## Absolute watermark will be ignored if relative is defined!
##
# vm_memory_high_watermark.absolute = 2GB
##
## Supported unit symbols:
##
## k, kiB: kibibytes (2^10 - 1,024 bytes)
## M, MiB: mebibytes (2^20 - 1,048,576 bytes)
## G, GiB: gibibytes (2^30 - 1,073,741,824 bytes)
## kB: kilobytes (10^3 - 1,000 bytes)
## MB: megabytes (10^6 - 1,000,000 bytes)
## GB: gigabytes (10^9 - 1,000,000,000 bytes)



## Fraction of the high watermark limit at which queues start to
## page message out to disc in order to free up memory.
## For example, when vm_memory_high_watermark is set to 0.4 and this value is set to 0.5,
## paging can begin as early as when 20% of total available RAM is used by the node.
##
## Values greater than 1.0 can be dangerous and should be used carefully.
##
## One alternative to this is to use durable queues and publish messages
## as persistent (delivery mode = 2). With this combination queues will
## move messages to disk much more rapidly.
##
## Another alternative is to configure queues to page all messages (both
## persistent and transient) to disk as quickly
## as possible, see https://rabbitmq.com/lazy-queues.html.
##
# vm_memory_high_watermark_paging_ratio = 0.5

## Selects Erlang VM memory consumption calculation strategy. Can be `allocated`, `rss` or `legacy` (aliased as `erlang`),
## Introduced in 3.6.11. `rss` is the default as of 3.6.12.
## See https://github.com/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-server/issues/1223 and rabbitmq/rabbitmq-common#224 for background.
# vm_memory_calculation_strategy = rss

## Interval (in milliseconds) at which we perform the check of the memory
## levels against the watermarks.
##
# memory_monitor_interval = 2500

## The total memory available can be calculated from the OS resources
## - default option - or provided as a configuration parameter.
# total_memory_available_override_value = 2GB

## Set disk free limit (in bytes). Once free disk space reaches this
## lower bound, a disk alarm will be set - see the documentation
## listed above for more details.
##
## Absolute watermark will be ignored if relative is defined!
# disk_free_limit.absolute = 50000

## Or you can set it using memory units (same as in vm_memory_high_watermark)
## with RabbitMQ 3.6.0+.
# disk_free_limit.absolute = 500KB
# disk_free_limit.absolute = 50mb
# disk_free_limit.absolute = 5GB

## Alternatively, we can set a limit relative to total available RAM.
##
## Values lower than 1.0 can be dangerous and should be used carefully.
# disk_free_limit.relative = 2.0

##
## Clustering
## =====================
##
# cluster_partition_handling = ignore

## Pauses all nodes on the minority side of a partition. The cluster
## MUST have an odd number of nodes (3, 5, etc)
# cluster_partition_handling = pause_minority

## pause_if_all_down strategy require additional configuration
# cluster_partition_handling = pause_if_all_down

## Recover strategy. Can be either 'autoheal' or 'ignore'
# cluster_partition_handling.pause_if_all_down.recover = ignore

## Node names to check
# cluster_partition_handling.pause_if_all_down.nodes.1 = rabbit@localhost
# cluster_partition_handling.pause_if_all_down.nodes.2 = hare@localhost

## Mirror sync batch size, in messages. Increasing this will speed
## up syncing but total batch size in bytes must not exceed 2 GiB.
## Available in RabbitMQ 3.6.0 or later.
##
# mirroring_sync_batch_size = 4096

## Make clustering happen *automatically* at startup. Only applied
## to nodes that have just been reset or started for the first time.
##
## Relevant doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com//cluster-formation.html
##

# cluster_formation.peer_discovery_backend     = rabbit_peer_discovery_classic_config
#
# cluster_formation.classic_config.nodes.1 = rabbit1@hostname
# cluster_formation.classic_config.nodes.2 = rabbit2@hostname
# cluster_formation.classic_config.nodes.3 = rabbit3@hostname
# cluster_formation.classic_config.nodes.4 = rabbit4@hostname

## DNS-based peer discovery. This backend will list A records
## of the configured hostname and perform reverse lookups for
## the addresses returned.

# cluster_formation.peer_discovery_backend = rabbit_peer_discovery_dns
# cluster_formation.dns.hostname = discovery.eng.example.local

## This node's type can be configured. If you are not sure
## what node type to use, always use 'disc'.
# cluster_formation.node_type = disc

## Interval (in milliseconds) at which we send keepalive messages
## to other cluster members. Note that this is not the same thing
## as net_ticktime; missed keepalive messages will not cause nodes
## to be considered down.
##
# cluster_keepalive_interval = 10000

##
## Statistics Collection
## =====================
##

## Statistics collection interval (in milliseconds). Increasing
## this will reduce the load on management database.
##
# collect_statistics_interval = 5000

## Fine vs. coarse statistics
#
# This value is no longer meant to be configured directly.
#
# See https://www.rabbitmq.com/management.html#fine-stats.

##
## Ra Settings
## =====================
##
## NB: changing these on a node with existing data directory
##     can lead to DATA LOSS.
##
# raft.segment_max_entries = 65536
# raft.wal_max_size_bytes = 1048576
# raft.wal_max_batch_size = 4096
# raft.snapshot_chunk_size = 1000000

##
## Misc/Advanced Options
## =====================
##
## NB: Change these only if you understand what you are doing!
##

## Timeout used when waiting for Mnesia tables in a cluster to
## become available.
##
# mnesia_table_loading_retry_timeout = 30000

## Retries when waiting for Mnesia tables in the cluster startup. Note that
## this setting is not applied to Mnesia upgrades or node deletions.
##
# mnesia_table_loading_retry_limit = 10

## Size in bytes below which to embed messages in the queue index.
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/persistence-conf.html
##
# queue_index_embed_msgs_below = 4096

## You can also set this size in memory units
##
# queue_index_embed_msgs_below = 4kb

## Whether or not to enable background periodic forced GC runs for all
## Erlang processes on the node in "waiting" state.
##
## Disabling background GC may reduce latency for client operations,
## keeping it enabled may reduce median RAM usage by the binary heap
## (see https://www.erlang-solutions.com/blog/erlang-garbage-collector.html).
##
## Before trying this option, please take a look at the memory
## breakdown (https://www.rabbitmq.com/memory-use.html).
##
# background_gc_enabled = false

## Target (desired) interval (in milliseconds) at which we run background GC.
## The actual interval will vary depending on how long it takes to execute
## the operation (can be higher than this interval). Values less than
## 30000 milliseconds are not recommended.
##
# background_gc_target_interval = 60000

## Whether or not to enable proxy protocol support.
## Once enabled, clients cannot directly connect to the broker
## anymore. They must connect through a load balancer that sends the
## proxy protocol header to the broker at connection time.
## This setting applies only to AMQP clients, other protocols
## like MQTT or STOMP have their own setting to enable proxy protocol.
## See the plugins documentation for more information.
##
# proxy_protocol = false

## Overriden product name and version.
## They are set to "RabbitMQ" and the release version by default.
# product.name = RabbitMQ
# product.version = 1.2.3

## "Message of the day" file.
## Its content is used to expand the logged and printed banners.
## Default to /etc/rabbitmq/motd on Unix, %APPDATA%\RabbitMQ\motd.txt
## on Windows.
# motd_file = /etc/rabbitmq/motd

## Consumer timeout
## If a message delivered to a consumer has not been acknowledge before this timer
## triggers the channel will be force closed by the broker. This ensure that
## faultly consumers that never ack will not hold on to messages indefinitely.
##
# consumer_timeout = 900000

## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
## Advanced Erlang Networking/Clustering Options.
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/clustering.html
## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

# ======================================
# Kernel section
# ======================================

## Timeout used to detect peer unavailability, including CLI tools.
## Related doc guide: https://www.rabbitmq.com/nettick.html.
##
# net_ticktime = 60

## Inter-node communication port range.
## The parameters inet_dist_listen_min and inet_dist_listen_max
## can be configured in the classic config format only.
## Related doc guide: https://www.rabbitmq.com/networking.html#epmd-inet-dist-port-range.


## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
## RabbitMQ Management Plugin
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/management.html.
## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

# =======================================
# Management section
# =======================================

## Preload schema definitions from the following JSON file.
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/management.html#load-definitions.
##
# management.load_definitions = /path/to/exported/definitions.json

## Log all requests to the management HTTP API to a file.
##
# management.http_log_dir = /path/to/access.log

## HTTP listener and embedded Web server settings.
# ## See https://rabbitmq.com/management.html for details.
#
# management.tcp.port = 15672
# management.tcp.ip   = 0.0.0.0
#
# management.tcp.shutdown_timeout   = 7000
# management.tcp.max_keepalive      = 120
# management.tcp.idle_timeout       = 120
# management.tcp.inactivity_timeout = 120
# management.tcp.request_timeout    = 120
# management.tcp.compress           = true

## HTTPS listener settings.
## See https://rabbitmq.com/management.html and https://rabbitmq.com/ssl.html for details.
##
# management.ssl.port       = 15671
# management.ssl.cacertfile = /path/to/ca_certificate.pem
# management.ssl.certfile   = /path/to/server_certificate.pem
# management.ssl.keyfile    = /path/to/server_key.pem

## More TLS options
# management.ssl.honor_cipher_order   = true
# management.ssl.honor_ecc_order      = true

## These are highly recommended for TLSv1.2 but cannot be used
## with TLSv1.3. If TLSv1.3 is enabled, these lines MUST be removed.
# management.ssl.client_renegotiation = false
# management.ssl.secure_renegotiate   = true

## Supported TLS versions
# management.ssl.versions.1 = tlsv1.2

## Cipher suites the server is allowed to use
# management.ssl.ciphers.1 = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# management.ssl.ciphers.2 = ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# management.ssl.ciphers.3 = ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384
# management.ssl.ciphers.4 = ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384
# management.ssl.ciphers.5 = ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# management.ssl.ciphers.6 = ECDH-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
# management.ssl.ciphers.7 = ECDH-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384
# management.ssl.ciphers.8 = ECDH-RSA-AES256-SHA384
# management.ssl.ciphers.9 = DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384

## URL path prefix for HTTP API and management UI
# management.path_prefix = /a-prefix

## One of 'basic', 'detailed' or 'none'. See
## https://rabbitmq.com/management.html#fine-stats for more details.
# management.rates_mode = basic

## Configure how long aggregated data (such as message rates and queue
## lengths) is retained. Please read the plugin's documentation in
## https://rabbitmq.com/management.html#configuration for more
## details.
## Your can use 'minute', 'hour' and 'day' keys or integer key (in seconds)
# management.sample_retention_policies.global.minute    = 5
# management.sample_retention_policies.global.hour  = 60
# management.sample_retention_policies.global.day = 1200

# management.sample_retention_policies.basic.minute   = 5
# management.sample_retention_policies.basic.hour = 60

# management.sample_retention_policies.detailed.10 = 5

## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
## RabbitMQ Shovel Plugin
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/shovel.html
## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

## See advanced.config.example for a Shovel plugin example


## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
## RabbitMQ STOMP Plugin
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/stomp.html
## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

# =======================================
# STOMP section
# =======================================

## See https://rabbitmq.com/stomp.html for details.

## TCP listeners.
##
# stomp.listeners.tcp.1 = 127.0.0.1:61613
# stomp.listeners.tcp.2 = ::1:61613

## TCP listener settings
##
# stomp.tcp_listen_options.backlog   = 2048
# stomp.tcp_listen_options.recbuf    = 131072
# stomp.tcp_listen_options.sndbuf    = 131072
#
# stomp.tcp_listen_options.keepalive = true
# stomp.tcp_listen_options.nodelay   = true
#
# stomp.tcp_listen_options.exit_on_close = true
# stomp.tcp_listen_options.send_timeout  = 120

## Proxy protocol support
##
# stomp.proxy_protocol = false

## TLS listeners
## See https://rabbitmq.com/stomp.html and https://rabbitmq.com/ssl.html for details.
# stomp.listeners.ssl.default = 61614
#
# ssl_options.cacertfile = path/to/cacert.pem
# ssl_options.certfile   = path/to/cert.pem
# ssl_options.keyfile    = path/to/key.pem
# ssl_options.verify     =  verify_peer
# ssl_options.fail_if_no_peer_cert = true


## Number of Erlang processes that will accept connections for the TCP
## and TLS listeners.
##
# stomp.num_acceptors.tcp = 10
# stomp.num_acceptors.ssl = 1

## Additional TLS options

## Extract a name from the client's certificate when using TLS.
##
# stomp.ssl_cert_login = true

## Set a default user name and password. This is used as the default login
## whenever a CONNECT frame omits the login and passcode headers.
##
## Please note that setting this will allow clients to connect without
## authenticating!
##
# stomp.default_user = guest
# stomp.default_pass = guest

## If a default user is configured, or you have configured use TLS client
## certificate based authentication, you can choose to allow clients to
## omit the CONNECT frame entirely. If set to true, the client is
## automatically connected as the default user or user supplied in the
## TLS certificate whenever the first frame sent on a session is not a
## CONNECT frame.
##
# stomp.implicit_connect = true

## Whether or not to enable proxy protocol support.
## Once enabled, clients cannot directly connect to the broker
## anymore. They must connect through a load balancer that sends the
## proxy protocol header to the broker at connection time.
## This setting applies only to STOMP clients, other protocols
## like MQTT or AMQP have their own setting to enable proxy protocol.
## See the plugins or broker documentation for more information.
##
# stomp.proxy_protocol = false

## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
## RabbitMQ MQTT Adapter
##
## See https://github.com/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-mqtt/blob/stable/README.md
## for details
## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

# =======================================
# MQTT section
# =======================================

## TCP listener settings.
##
# mqtt.listeners.tcp.1 = 127.0.0.1:61613
# mqtt.listeners.tcp.2 = ::1:61613

## TCP listener options (as per the broker configuration).
##
# mqtt.tcp_listen_options.backlog = 4096
# mqtt.tcp_listen_options.recbuf  = 131072
# mqtt.tcp_listen_options.sndbuf  = 131072
#
# mqtt.tcp_listen_options.keepalive = true
# mqtt.tcp_listen_options.nodelay   = true
#
# mqtt.tcp_listen_options.exit_on_close = true
# mqtt.tcp_listen_options.send_timeout  = 120

## TLS listener settings
## ## See https://rabbitmq.com/mqtt.html and https://rabbitmq.com/ssl.html for details.
#
# mqtt.listeners.ssl.default = 8883
#
# ssl_options.cacertfile = /path/to/tls/ca_certificate_bundle.pem
# ssl_options.certfile   = /path/to/tls/server_certificate.pem
# ssl_options.keyfile    = /path/to/tls/server_key.pem
# ssl_options.verify     = verify_peer
# ssl_options.fail_if_no_peer_cert  = true
#


## Number of Erlang processes that will accept connections for the TCP
## and TLS listeners.
##
# mqtt.num_acceptors.tcp = 10
# mqtt.num_acceptors.ssl = 10

## Whether or not to enable proxy protocol support.
## Once enabled, clients cannot directly connect to the broker
## anymore. They must connect through a load balancer that sends the
## proxy protocol header to the broker at connection time.
## This setting applies only to STOMP clients, other protocols
## like STOMP or AMQP have their own setting to enable proxy protocol.
## See the plugins or broker documentation for more information.
##
# mqtt.proxy_protocol = false

## Set the default user name and password used for anonymous connections (when client
## provides no credentials). Anonymous connections are highly discouraged!
##
# mqtt.default_user = guest
# mqtt.default_pass = guest

## Enable anonymous connections. If this is set to false, clients MUST provide
## credentials in order to connect. See also the mqtt.default_user/mqtt.default_pass
## keys. Anonymous connections are highly discouraged!
##
# mqtt.allow_anonymous = true

## If you have multiple vhosts, specify the one to which the
## adapter connects.
##
# mqtt.vhost = /

## Specify the exchange to which messages from MQTT clients are published.
##
# mqtt.exchange = amq.topic

## Specify TTL (time to live) to control the lifetime of non-clean sessions.
##
# mqtt.subscription_ttl = 1800000

## Set the prefetch count (governing the maximum number of unacknowledged
## messages that will be delivered).
##
# mqtt.prefetch = 10


## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
## RabbitMQ AMQP 1.0 Support
##
## See https://github.com/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-amqp1.0/blob/stable/README.md.
## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

# =======================================
# AMQP 1.0 section
# =======================================


## Connections that are not authenticated with SASL will connect as this
## account. See the README for more information.
##
## Please note that setting this will allow clients to connect without
## authenticating!
##
# amqp1_0.default_user = guest

## Enable protocol strict mode. See the README for more information.
##
# amqp1_0.protocol_strict_mode = false

## Logging settings.
##
## See https://rabbitmq.com/logging.html and https://github.com/erlang-lager/lager for details.
##

## Log directory, taken from the RABBITMQ_LOG_BASE env variable by default.
##
# log.dir = /var/log/rabbitmq

## Logging to file. Can be false or a filename.
## Default:
# log.file = rabbit.log

## To disable logging to a file
# log.file = false

## Log level for file logging
##
# log.file.level = info

## File rotation config. No rotation by default.
## DO NOT SET rotation date to ''. Leave the value unset if "" is the desired value
# log.file.rotation.date = $D0
# log.file.rotation.size = 0

## Logging to console (can be true or false)
##
# log.console = false

## Log level for console logging
##
# log.console.level = info

## Logging to the amq.rabbitmq.log exchange (can be true or false)
##
# log.exchange = false

## Log level to use when logging to the amq.rabbitmq.log exchange
##
# log.exchange.level = info



## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
## RabbitMQ LDAP Plugin
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/ldap.html.
##
## ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

# =======================================
# LDAP section
# =======================================

##
## Connecting to the LDAP server(s)
## ================================
##

## Specify servers to bind to. You *must* set this in order for the plugin
## to work properly.
##
# auth_ldap.servers.1 = your-server-name-goes-here

## You can define multiple servers
# auth_ldap.servers.2 = your-other-server

## Connect to the LDAP server using TLS
##
# auth_ldap.use_ssl = false

## Specify the LDAP port to connect to
##
# auth_ldap.port = 389

## LDAP connection timeout, in milliseconds or 'infinity'
##
# auth_ldap.timeout = infinity

## Or number
# auth_ldap.timeout = 500

## Enable logging of LDAP queries.
## One of
##   - false (no logging is performed)
##   - true (verbose logging of the logic used by the plugin)
##   - network (as true, but additionally logs LDAP network traffic)
##
## Defaults to false.
##
# auth_ldap.log = false

## Also can be true or network
# auth_ldap.log = true
# auth_ldap.log = network

##
## Authentication
## ==============
##

## Pattern to convert the username given through AMQP to a DN before
## binding
##
# auth_ldap.user_dn_pattern = cn=${username},ou=People,dc=example,dc=com

## Alternatively, you can convert a username to a Distinguished
## Name via an LDAP lookup after binding. See the documentation for
## full details.

## When converting a username to a dn via a lookup, set these to
## the name of the attribute that represents the user name, and the
## base DN for the lookup query.
##
# auth_ldap.dn_lookup_attribute = userPrincipalName
# auth_ldap.dn_lookup_base      = DC=gopivotal,DC=com

## Controls how to bind for authorisation queries and also to
## retrieve the details of users logging in without presenting a
## password (e.g., SASL EXTERNAL).
## One of
##  - as_user (to bind as the authenticated user - requires a password)
##  - anon    (to bind anonymously)
##  - {UserDN, Password} (to bind with a specified user name and password)
##
## Defaults to 'as_user'.
##
# auth_ldap.other_bind = as_user

## Or can be more complex:
# auth_ldap.other_bind.user_dn  = User
# auth_ldap.other_bind.password = Password

## If user_dn and password defined - other options is ignored.

# -----------------------------
# Too complex section of LDAP
# -----------------------------

##
## Authorisation
## =============
##

## The LDAP plugin can perform a variety of queries against your
## LDAP server to determine questions of authorisation.
##
## Related doc guide: https://rabbitmq.com/ldap.html#authorisation.

## Following configuration should be defined in advanced.config file
## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THESE LINES!

## Set the query to use when determining vhost access
##
## {vhost_access_query, {in_group,
##                       "ou=${vhost}-users,ou=vhosts,dc=example,dc=com"}},

## Set the query to use when determining resource (e.g., queue) access
##
## {resource_access_query, {constant, true}},

## Set queries to determine which tags a user has
##
## {tag_queries, []}
#   ]},
# -----------------------------

重新启动RabbitMq服务service rabbitmq-server restart 启动成功后打开http://157.145.146.14:15672 发现amqp对应的端口号已经改变

注:这里有个误区, 我们修改的端口号修改的不是访问可视化界面的端口号, 简单来说改的并不是ip地址后的那个端口

补充: 官方各种配置文件模板下载地址: rabbitmq.conf对应rabbitmq.conf.example